Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes inflammation, swelling, and narrowing of the airways, making it difficult for a person to breathe.
In other words, people with asthma have inflamed and sensitive airways and are sensitive to things that may not bother other people. These airways become more inflamed and swollen through asthma triggers and attacks, and the muscles around the airways tighten. Asthma is not curable, but its symptoms can be controlled.
Airway obstruction, pneumonia, and airway irritability are the three main symptoms of asthma. Asthma symptoms include:
An asthma attack is when asthma symptoms suddenly get more severe and worse. In this condition, the airways become hard, swollen, or full of mucus.
Allergy-causing substances (allergens) can trigger asthma. The best way to reduce or prevent asthma attacks is to avoid contact with known allergens. Asthma triggers vary from person to person. Everyone should know their triggers and how to avoid them. Some of the most common triggers for asthma include:
Tobacco smoke is unhealthy and harmful to everyone, especially asthmatics. If you have asthma, you should never smoke or be exposed to secondhand smoke. Cigarette smoke leads to severe asthma attacks.
Dust is a tiny, microscopic particle that is present in many places. Dust intensifies asthma attacks. To prevent asthma attacks, consider the following:
Outdoor air pollution can trigger asthma. Air pollution is caused by smoke from factories, cars, and fires. It is best to pay attention to air quality predictions in the mass media before leaving home.
Cockroaches and other pests are often found where food is eaten, and crumbs are left behind. To control pests, consider the followings:
Furry pets are a trigger for asthma attacks. In the first place, it is better to avoid keeping them at home. Otherwise, it is better to reduce your contact with these animals.
Mold and yeasts grow in damp areas of the home, such as kitchens and bathrooms. To prevent the growth of mold, you should:
People with asthma should try to follow these tips when using cleansers or disinfectants:
Diseases such as colds, flu-related infections, respiratory viruses such as SARS and corona, sinus infections, allergies, and gastroesophageal reflux can exacerbate asthma attacks.
Some medications, such as aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs